Mold is one of the most dangerous things to have in your home. Toxic mold can lead to respiratory illnesses and increase the frequency of asthma attacks. Mold consumes building materials as its food source, and this can lead to your home being destroyed. Removing mold as soon as it is detected is crucial to protecting your home and health.
25 Steps For Effective Mold Removal
1. Research. Before you begin a DIY mold removal project, read as much information about the subject as possible. Learning about the different types of mold will help you effectively treat the problem.
2. Repair Leaks. Find and repair all leaks. By eliminating the source of dampness you eliminate a place for mold to grow.
3. Mold Test. Use a Mold Test Kit to check for mold development anywhere there has been a leak. Make sure to check the entire area where the leak occurred.
4. Complete Check. Check other areas of your home for mold growth, especially in areas where it can become damp and dark such as bathroom closets and garage areas.
5. Check Air. Use the test kit to check air coming out of your heating and cooling vents to determine if there are airborne mold spores flowing through your home.
6. Foggers. If mold is detected in the ventilation system and you cannot afford to replace the duct work, consider using a fogger in the system to clear out all mold spores.
7. Foggers Part 2. It is imperative that you have everyone in the house leave for a few days while you use the fogger on the duct system. It may require additional treatments and no one should be in the house when this is done.
8. Leave Personal Items. Leave as much personal items in the house as possible so that any mold spores that have attached themselves to these items are killed when the fogger is used.
9. Painting. Do not paint over mold, even with a primer that is designed to hide mold and mildew stains. You need to clean and remove mold, not simply hide it. The mold will “eat” through the paint over time.
10. Treatment Space. If you have found mold in one area, cover other areas with plastic during the treatment period to prevent contamination of other areas.
11. Dehumidifier. Use a dehumidifier to remove the excess moisture from the contaminated area. Fan drying could cause mold spores to travel.
12. Ventilation. Place a fan in the nearest window that is bowing outward. This will send any spores that become airborne during treatment outside.
13. Protective Clothing. Use protective clothing during the treatment process. This includes plastic coverings for clothes, shoes and hair. Use disposable gloves. Remove protective clothing outside and dispose of it immediately.
14. Spray Area. Use an EPA approved mold killer and spray infected areas of walls, flooring and ceiling. Make sure that everyone leaves the home until the treatment area is dried.
15. Avoid Bleach. Bleach does not effectively kill mold and can damage surface areas.
16. Scrub Surfaces. Once mold has been treated, it is important to scrub these areas down to remove the dead mold.
17. Discard Affected Building Materials. Throw out all building materials that you have had to remove and replace in a sealed plastic bag.
18. Clean Wood. Clean all building materials including the wood supports in your home,,
19. Retreat. Retreat the areas that were infected again after everthing has been cleaned and removed from the home.
20. Coating. Spray all areas with a protective fungicide coating that will remain in the area and prevent future mold growth.
21. Dry Time. Make sure everything is dry before replacing drywall and other building materials.
22. Retest. Use the mold test kit again throghot the house to make sure that your treatment has been effective
23. Wash Everything. Clean everything in the house including all clothing with a strong cleaner.
24. Return Everything. Put everything back in place, your treatment is complete.
25. Ongoing. Continue to test your home in the future for mold and make sure that you treat immediately at any sign of new mold growth.